Routing: Cochin – Munnar – Thekkady – Kumarakom – Alleppey – Mararikulam – Kovalam – Trivendrum
(14 Nights/15 Days)
Routing: Cochin – Kothamangalam – Munnar – Periyar – Houseboat – Kumarakom – Marari – Cochin
(10 Nights and 11 Days)
Routing: Cochin – Munnar – Thekkady – Kumarakom – Alleppey (Houseboat) – Kovalam – Kanyakumari – Trivandrum
(08 Nights and 09 Days)
Routing: Cochin – Munnar – Thekkady – Kumarakom – Houseboat – Kovalam
(08 Nights and 09 Days)
Kerala has been always a major hub or trading gateway of India to the globe, since centuries it has seen people belonging to various cultures or parts of the world coming and settling here. Hence it wouldn’t be wrong by saying it is a vibrant amalgamation of many cultures and civilization including some major foreign civilizations. The beauty and calmness of Kerala has attracted lots of them who came here just for a while or small time period but ended up staying here forever marking their strong presence in history of Kerala and adding up to the culture and tradition here. It is irony of this place that being a centre location for all socio political activities including international trade the history of Kerala hasn’t been updated in a professional manner whatever we know today is from the bits and pieces that were recovered from various known or unknown sources including tales from mythological books etc. one such tale suggest that Kerala or ‘God’s Own Country’ was born when Saint Parshuram (Lord Vishnu’s Avtaar) wanted to cross the sea and went on the top of a hill, threw his axe in the water. The sea receded and a piece of land appeared which was full of all that which was required to sustain human life i.e. abundance of natural resources and beautiful terrain.
As per some archaeologists analysis on the basis of study conducted with the help of certain confirmed and unconfirmed data the first inhabitants of Kerala were the people of Negrito tribe, followed by Austric tribe, further the Dravidian and then the Aryan who were responsible for the origins of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism religion here. The earliest evidence of Kerala which one could cite is from the King Ashoka’s scriptures (Mauryan Empire) which are of around 270 BC where Kerala has been notified as Keralaputra one of the four territories of Mauryan Empire in the south. Jainism and Buddhism religion spread during the reign of Chandra Gupta Maurya and Ashoka respectively. After the Mauryan Empire came the Sangam Age from 1 A.D. to 1500 A.D. which was famous for the immense progress of the culture of Kerala, during this age there was lot of work done on the literature and other art forms. Kerala was ruled in the form of three socio political territories i.e. Ezhimalas (north), Cheras (Central) and Ays (South). During the reign of Cheras much was written about the land of Kerala including stories, poetry and other literature forms describing the life in that era. The Chera boundaries extended over the Malabar Coast, Karur, Coimbatore and Salem Districts in South India, which now is a part of present day Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The earliest Chera king was Perumchottu Utiyan Cheralatan who carried forward the Chera dynasty. Then came the “dark ages”, which lasted for almost four centuries in the Sangam Age ruled by Kalabhra Kings, which saw mayhem and unnecessary chaos all over the empire, it came to an end in the 800 A.D.
Then there were the Kulasekhara kings that revived Kerala from the dark ages, followed by rule of Rajasekhara Varman from 820 A.D to 844 A.D. followed by the King Sthanu Ravi Varman from 844 A.D. to 855 A.D. and then Rama Varma Kulasekhara from 1090 A.D. to 1102 A.D. The Venad Kingdom ruled Kerala up to 1800 A.D. During this period Calicut or Kozhikode emerged as centre for all sorts of sea route trading activities, in a way it became a trading hub or main seaport. There was lot of export and import of various items with Chinese and Arabic traders. Importantly the landing of Vasco Da Gama on the Calicut port opened up not only the new route to Europe but also attracted lot of trade from those countries to India via Kerala. Soon Dutch and the French people arrived through the same sea route to explore Indian culture and its markets for trading purposes of weapons, silk, tea, coffee, spices etc. Soon Dutch become the most influential people here governing majority of socio political system including entire trading activities. Around mid of 17th century they were defeated by the ruler of Travancore, King Marthanda Varma. Around 1766 Haider Ali (King of Mysore) conquered Malabar and later his son Tipu Sultan surrendered to British Empire in 1792. From there on it remained under the British governance. In the year 1806 all the three provinces Cochin, Travancore and Malabar were directly under British Madras Presidency. The coming 18th and 19th Century witnessed a series of revolts against British Empire. In 1956, 1st of November, present Kerala surfaced from Malabar which was a division of the Madras Presidency, Kochi and Travancore.