Routing: Cochin – Kothamangalam – Munnar – Periyar – Houseboat – Kumarakom – Marari – Cochin
(10 Nights and 11 Days)
Routing: Cochin – Munnar – Thekkady – Kumarakom – Alleppey (Houseboat) – Kovalam – Kanyakumari – Trivandrum
(08 Nights and 09 Days)
Routing: Cochin – Munnar – Thekkady – Alleppey – Cochin
(04 Nights and 05 Days)
Routing : Kochi – Munnar – Periyar – Kumarakom – Alleppey
(07 Nights / 08 Days)
Kerala has been situated upon the net of various rivers, these rivers not only provide fertility or greenery to the land of Kerala but also it provides picturesque views for the tourist and mode of transport which has been there since last many centuries. There are 41 rivers that flow in the west direction into the backwaters or the Arabian Sea and 3 rivers that flow towards the east direction. The rivers flowing westward are Periyar River, Bharatapuzha River, Pamba River, Chaliyar River, Chalakudy River, Kadalundy River, Achankoil River, Kallada River, Muvattupuzha River, Valapattanam River, Chandragiri River, Manimala River, Vamanapuram River, Kuppam River, Meenachil River, Kuttiyadi River, Karamana River, Shiriya River, Kariangode River, Ithikkara River, Neyyar River, Mahe River, Kechery River, Perumba River, Uppala River, Karuvannur River, Kurumali River, Anjarakkandi River, Tirur River, Neeleshwaram River, Pallikkal River, Kallayi River, Korapuzha River, Mogral River, Kavvai puzha River, Pannagam River, Thanikkudam River, Manam River, Thalassery River, Chittary River, Ramapuram River, and Ayiroor River and the rivers flowing eastward in to other states like Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are Kabani, Bhavani and Pambar. Though every river in itself is unique and with mesmerizing views along its flow, but here the details of five most prominent and popular rivers from the tourist or travellers point of view.
Periyar River – Periyar means ‘big river’ in local language, it is one of the largest rivers serving as a major source of drinking and agriculture water supply for the people of Kerala. It stretches across around 244 KMs flowing through many major towns and villages on the path. The starting point of this river is in Sivagiri hills and ends at the Periyar Lake via flowing through Periyar National Park. It is the major source of power generation in the state of Kerala via Idukki Dam due to this reason around more than 20% of total industries of Kerala are situated along this river and moreover this river is called the lifeline of Kerala. Mullayar is the major tributary that merges into Periyar River and before entering into the sea at the place called Aluva it divides into two distributaries one flows toward the district Kochi and other finally merges into the Arabian Sea.
Bharatapuzha River – this river is also called Nila, otherwise the word Bharatapuzha literally means River (Puzha) of India (Bharata). The starting point of this river is in Annamalai Hills and its ending point or finally it merges into the Arabian Sea at the place called Ponnani. Though it is a major river but in summers the water recedes leaving it dry at some places in between the route. The Malampuzha dam which is a major tourist attraction is built on this river and apart from that there are around eleven lakes or reservoirs. The dams not only produce electricity but also provides source of water for drinking and agriculture. There are many fisheries situated on these reservoirs producing some rare variety of fresh variety of fishes. Some major towns and villages are situated in its banks apart from them some really popular temples which attract lot of people every year. The environmentalist and local bodies are very much concerned and worried about the current state of the river as it is dying day by day.
Kabani River – It is one of the eastward flowing rivers going emerging from Wayanad in Kerala ending or finally merging into river Kaveri and further in to Bay of Bengal flowing via Karnataka. In this journey it forms Kabani reservoir which is very rich in nature and wild life including fresh water fishes. Though like some other rivers the water of this river also dries up during summer resulting in breaks in the flow path. There are several temples along the path of Kabani River. The major part of this River lies in Karnataka including the famous Kabani Dam.
Pampa River – It is considered as a holy river for Hindus in fact it is referred as Dakshina Ganga. Ganga is said to be the holiest rivers for Hindus as mentioned in various mythological and spiritual books but like every other river is struggling for its existence in India due to the climatic change and increasing river pollution. The story of Pampa River is no different. It starts its journey from the Pulachimala hills and flows through the areas like Ranni, Kozhencherry and Pathanamthitta etc. There are other rivers which merge into the Pampa River during its course and finally end its journey at the Vembanad Lake. This river fulfils all sorts of water requirements i.e. drinking and agricultural. During the visit to the Sabrimala shrine a dip in the Pampa River is considered highly auspicious equivalent to taking bath in river Ganges.
Chalakudy River – Though this river is a tributary of Periyar River but it has its own significance due to the wildlife and other forms of natural resources dependent upon this river. Chalakudy River starts its journey from the Annamalai Hills and merges into the Periyar River before covering a distance of around 150 KMs and major places like Palakkad, Thrissur and Ernakulam etc. Apart from the usual wildlife this river is the home of many varieties of fresh water fishes including some rare ones. This river has lot of famous tourist attraction or travelling spots including 2 major Dams and waterfall known as Athirappilly.
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